Impurities in Food Grade CO2

Food and beverage grade CO2 is routinely analyzed for trace level impurities which might impart an undesirable flavor to the product or which would pose a potential health hazard. Used in the argon photoionization mode, the PDD has little response to the CO2 matrix peak but excellent sensitivity to all peaks of interest. This analysis previously required the use of multiple detectors, with decreased sensitivity.

chromatogram of impurities in food-grade carbon dioxide
Run conditions
Sample 100 µl of a blend in CO2 generated with a Dynacalibrator® and Dynacal® permeation tubes
Detector mode Argon photoionization
Discharge gas 2% Ar in helium, 45 mL/min
Dopant gas None
Carrier Helium @ 5 mL/min
Detector temp 100°C
Column (5%-Phenyl)-methylpolysiloxane, 30m x 0.25mm x 1.0µm
Column temp 25°C for 5 min, to 130°C at 20°C/min, hold for 5 min